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Guizhou: Market Profile

Major Economic Indicators

Economic Indicators2016Jan-Nov2017
(%, y-o-y)
(%, y-o-y)
Gross Domestic Product (RMB bn)1,177.710.51949.9310.11
Per Capita GDP (RMB)33,2469.81
Added Value Output
   Primary industry  (RMB bn)184.66.01145.836.51
   Secondary industry (RMB bn)467.011.31375.939.71
   Tertiary industry (RMB bn)526.111.41428.3311.61
Value-added Industrial Output2 (RMB bn)403.29.91395.69.31
Fixed-assets Investment (RMB bn)1,292.921.11,268.920.3
Retail Sales (RMB bn)370.313.0219.112.3
Inflation (Consumer Price Index, %)1.40.9
Exports (US$ mn)4,736-52.45,02917.2
   By foreign-invested enterprises (US$ mn)18228.91,139562.7
Imports (US$ mn)957-57.92,098145.2
   By foreign-invested enterprises (US$ mn)122-2.61,095901.6
Utilised Foreign Direct Investment (US$ mn)967135.4

1 In real terms
2 For all state-owned enterprises and other forms with annual sales over RMB20 million
3 Jan-Sep 2017

Sources: Guizhou Statistical Yearbook 2017, Guizhou Statistical Bureau, China’s Customs Statistics, 12.2016, 11.2017


General Background

Guizhou has a total area of 176,167 sq km. Guizhou – abbreviated as Qian (黔) – is situated in the mountainous part of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau (雲貴高原) in Southwest China. Total population stood at 35.55 million in 2016.  About 36% of the population is ethnic minorities.

Guizhou has rich mineral resources. Among the 123 kinds of discovered minerals, 22 kinds ranked among the top three in the nation in terms of reserves. The province’s reserves of phosphorus ore and bauxite ranked first and second respectively in China. Its reserve of coal is the highest among southern Chinese provinces, and is the fifth largest in China. Guizhou is also rich in natural resources for hydro-electricity generation.

With significant improvements in irrigation and terrace-farming, Guizhou has a strong agricultural sector. The province is one of the main producers of tobacco and its output ranked second in the country in 2016, only after Yunnan. Tea products, vegetables and some exotic fruits are famous both at home and abroad. Thanks to its biodiversity, Guizhou also has large varieties of herbs for industrial and medicinal uses.


The primary sector still accounted for 15.7% of the GDP. Major agricultural products include corn, rice, tobacco, tubers and rapeseeds. The output of tobacco ranked second in China, accounting for 11% of the national total in 2016. The province has over 3,700 types of herbs and is one of the leading producers of Chinese medicine in China. Animal husbandry and cash crop of local characteristics are also the major sectors of the agricultural industry. Although fishery accounted for a very small share of the primary sector, it has been growing by about 25% annually on average, in terms of value-added, over the last few years (2012 to 2016).


Composition of GDP (%)


Source:  Guizhou Statistical Yearbook 2017


The structure of Guizhou’s industrial output reflects the natural resources of the province.  In 2016, electricity, heat and gas accounted for 11% of the industrial value-added, while tobacco, liquor and beverage manufacturing together accounted for over 27%. Manufacture industries are mainly located at Guiyang (貴陽) and Zunyi (遵義). 


Major Industry Groups# (2016)

 % share of  industrial value-added
Liquor and beverage manufacturing20.2
Mining and washing of coal16.7
Production and distribution of electric power, gas and water11.0
Manufacture of non-metallic mineral products
Manufacture of tobacco7.0
Smelting and pressing of non-ferrous metal4.5
Raw chemical materials & chemical products4.4
Medical and pharmaceutical products3.1
Telecommunication equipment, computer and other electronic equipment2.3
Smelting and pressing of ferrous metal2.0

Notes:  # For all state-owned enterprises and other forms with annual sales over RMB20 million
Source: Guizhou Statistical Yearbook 2017


Guizhou is also a major base for supplying electricity from the western part of China to the eastern part (西電東送).

Traditionally, Guizhou is strong in tobacco and brewing (beverages) industry. Maotai (茅台) wine is famous at home and abroad.

Guizhou is also an important base of building material and chemical industries. The province will further develop pharmaceutical products, tobacco and food industries. Some famous industrial corporations in Guizhou included Huangguoshu Group Co, Guizhou Jihua 3537 Shoes-Making Factory, Guizhou Shenqi Group, Guizhou Yibai Pharmaceutical Corporation, etc.


Guizhou is a popular tourist destination. It has 12 state-level scenic areas and 6 state natural reserves such as Huangguoshu Waterfall (黃果樹瀑布), Dragon's Palace (龍宮), Zhijin Cave (織金洞), Hongfeng Lake (紅楓湖), etc.

In 2016, the number of overseas tourist increased by 17% to 1.1 million, generating a foreign exchange earnings of US$253 million (+25.6%). The number of domestic tourists reached 530 million (+41.2%) with total revenue of RMB501.2 billion (+43.2%).

Foreign Trade

Exports to the Asia region accounted for 64% of the total exports in 2016. Hong Kong was the leading export market in 2016, accounting for 20% of total exports. Major export products were chemicals and related products, machinery and equipment, plastics and related products.

Major import items included minerals, plastics and related products, machinery and equipment.  Major sources of import were the US and Thailand in 2016.

Foreign Investment

In 2016, FDI going to the manufacturing accounted for 35.2% of the total inflows of FDI. Inflow to the leasing and business services sector accounted for 25.5% of the total utilised FDI.


Chart: Utilised FDI of Guizhou
Chart: Utilised FDI of Guizhou

Foreign investors are encouraged to invest in auto-parts, tourism and light industries, particularly in textiles, food-processing, medicines and health products. Guizhou would like to co-operate with foreign investors in upgrading its major industrial enterprises and developing hi-tech industries.

Consumer Market

In 2016, per capita disposal income of urban household reached RMB26,743 (+8.8%). Guiyang is the largest consumer centre accounting for 32.3% of the total sales in 2016.


Composition of Per Capita Expenditure of Urban Household (%)

Household articles6.36.6
Medicine & medical services5.65.5
Transport & communications10.414.0
Recreation, education and cultural services11.213.0

Source: Guizhou Statistical Yearbook, 2017


Economic Indicators of Major Cities (2016)

(RMB bn)
Per capita GDP
(RMB bn)
Retail Sales
(RMB bn)
Guiyang (貴陽) 315.867,77278.1119.5
Zunyi (遵義) 240.438,709106.372.3
Bijie (畢節) 162.624,54440.134.0
Liupanshui (六盤水) 131.445,32551.733.2

* For all state-owned enterprises and other forms with annual sales over RMB20 million
Source: Guizhou Statistical Yearbook, 2017

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