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Haikou (Hainan) City Information

Major Economic Indicators (2015)
Land Area (km2)2,305
Population (million)2.2
GDP (RMB billion)116.2
GDP Per Capita (RMB)52,534
GDP Composition
     Primary Industry4.9%
     Secondary Industry19.3%
     Tertiary Industry75.8%
Retail Sales of Consumer Goods (RMB billion)59.6
Utilised FDI (USD million)426
Exports (USD million)5,986
Imports (USD million)21,072

Source: Hainan Statistical Yearbook 2016

General Introduction

Haikou is the capital city of the Hainan province located in the northern coast of the Hainan Island. Due to its tropical climate, Haikou is dubbed the “coconut city”.

Haikou is designated as a national hub in MOFCOM’s development plan (2015-2020) of distributive trade and logistics. Haikou Meilan International Airport is China's nineteenth largest airport and Haikou Xiuying Port is linked with Guangdong’s Xuwen County by a special train. Trains from Guangdong to Haikou, or vice versa, are divided into several segments and loaded onto ferries for transferring across the strait. 

Haikou’s agricultural sector is characterised by the production of tropical fruits and plants. Major commercial crops include rubber, coffee, sugar cane and pepper corn.

Automobile accounts for about 30% of Haikou’s industrial output. A leading manufacturer is Haima Motor, a subsidiary of First Auto Works. Other major industries include chemical, electrical machinery, pharmaceutical and food processing.

Haikou has a big service sector, in which tourism is the most important industry.

Major Industrial Parks / Development Zones

1. Hainan Yangpu Economic Development Zone (state-level)

Target industries: Petrochemicals, paper pulp products, bio-pharmaceuticals

Major investors: Sinopec, China National Offshore Oil Corp

Website: www.china.org.cn/english/SPORT-c/75839.htm

2. Haikou Integrated Free Trade Zone (state-level)

Major industries: Food processing, glass products, building materials

Major investors: APP Group, Jiangzhilin Paper Bulk

Website: www.hkftz.gov.cn

3. Hainan International Science and Technology Industrial Park (state-level)

Major industries: Biopharmaceuticals, microelectronics, optical

Major investors: Hainan Willine Pharmaceutical, Hainan Qinghua Technology Ltd

4. Haikou National Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone

Major industries: Electronic information, bio-pharmaceuticals, ocean engineering

Website: www.gxq.gov.cn


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Content provided by Picture: HKTDC Research