19 Jan 2017
Changchun (Jilin) City Information
|Major Economic Indicators (2015)|
|Land Area (km2)||27,711|
|GDP (RMB billion)||553.0|
|GDP Per Capita (RMB)||73,324|
|Retail Sales of Consumer Goods (RMB billion)||240.9|
|Utilised FDI (USD million)||1,145|
|Exports (USD million)||N.A.|
|Imports (USD million)||N.A.|
Source: Jilin Statistical Yearbook 2016
Changchun, the provincial capital of Jilin, is located at the centre of the province. It is designated as a national hub in MOFCOM’s development plan (2015-2020) of distributive trade and logistics. Four highways connect the city with major domestic cities such as Shenyang, Harbin and Yingkou. The Beijing-Harbin Railway also runs through the city. Changchun Longjia International Airport provides flights domestically and internationally.
Changchun is dubbed the “City of Science and Technology” because of its 36 universities and colleges, and 98 scientific institutes. Among them, the most renowned are Jilin University, Changchun University, and the Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (CIOMP).
Changchun ranked as the 40th most competitive city in China in 2016 by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
The industry sector accounted for 43% of the GDP in 2015. Major industries of Changchun include automobiles, agricultural product processing, biopharmaceuticals, optoelectronics, construction materials and energy industry.
Changchun is known locally as the “City of Automobiles”, indicating the significance of automobile manufacturing in the city. China's first self-made sedan and truck were born in Changchun in 1950s. They were made by the nation's first auto producer, the First Automobile Works (FAW). At present, FAW is the country's second-largest auto manufacturer.
Agricultural product processing is well developed in Changchun because of its fertile soil. Jilin’s fertile black soil is good for growing crops. The city is known as one of the “Golden Corn Belts” world-wide. As the largest granary of China, the province's grain-output accounts for 6% of the country's total output, thus providing abundant agricultural resources for the food processing industry in Changchun. Every year, the city hosts an international agricultural products and food expo.
Tourism is an important industry of the service sector, attracting millions of tourists every year. Changchun is called the “City of Films” and “City of Statues”. The Changchun Film Studio was the first film studio to commence filming in China, and was praised as being the cradle of the Chinese film industry. A national film festival is held in Changchun every two years.
Major Industrial Parks / Development Zones
1. Changchun Economic and Technological Development Zone (state-level)
Target industries: Automobiles, auto parts, food processing, optoelectronics, bio-pharmaceuticals
Major investors: FAW, Toyota Motors, ZF Automotive Chassis, Siemens VDO, Delphi Automotive, China Science Group
2. Changchun High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Target industries: Automobiles, optoelectronics, bio-pharmaceuticals, information technology, new materials
Major investors: Henkel, Tokico, Siemens, FAW, First Optics, Top Group, Tsinghua Tongfang
3. National Changchun Automotive Economic Technological Development Area (state-level)
Target industries: Automobiles and auto parts
Major investors: FAW, Datang No.3 Thermal Power Plant, Changchun Faway Automobile Components Co. Ltd