8 May 2015
Changchun (Jilin) City Information
(Latest information update as at 2012)
Major Economic Indicators (2012)
|Land Area (km²)||20,604|
|GDP (RMB billion)||445.66|
|Secondary Industry (Industry & Contruction)||51.4%|
|Tertiary Industry (Service)||41.5%|
|GDP Per Capita (RMB)||58,691|
|Fixed Asset Investment (RMB billion)||317.29|
|Utilized FDI (USD million)||3,680|
|Total Import & Export (USD million)||19,680|
|Export (USD million)||2,900|
|Import (USD million)||16,780|
|Sales of Consumer Goods (RMB billion)||173.96|
Changchun is the provincial capital of Jilin. It is located at the centre of the province, and, in terms of population, is the second-largest most populous city of North-East China, after the most populous city, Harbin.
Changchun has a comfortable climate, earning itself the nickname of “Spring City of Northland”. Its four seasons are very distinct; however, Changchun enjoys a temperate, cool summer and relatively warm winter when compared to other cities on the same latitude. The average annual temperature in Changchun is 4.8°C.
Changchun is located at the centre of North-East China, between Harbin and Shenyang. Major traffic lines include the Beijing-Harbin Railway, and four highways connecting it with surrounding cities such as Shenyang, Harbin, Yingkou and Jilin.
Changchun has 36 universities and colleges, and 98 scientific institutes. Among them, the most renowned are Jilin University, Changchun University, and the Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics (CIOMP).
In 2012, the gross industrial output from enterprises with designated size or above of Changchun grew by 17.4% to RMB 826.35 billion. While, the value-added industrial output from enterprises with designated size or above exceeded RMB 182.23 billion, up 11% year on year.
The pillar industries of Changchun include the production of automobiles, agricultural product processing, biopharmaceuticals, photo electronics, construction materials, and the energy industry. The industrial output of the above pillar industries amounted to RMB 488.85 billion, RMB 125.17 billion, RMB 10.64 billion, RMB 10.28 billion, RMB 56.27 billion and RMB 56.66 billion, respectively.
Changchun is known locally as the “City of Automobiles”, the production output of the city amounted to 1.87 million units in 2012, including 1.46 million sedan. Auto industry accounted for 59.2% of the city's industrial output.
China's first self-made sedan and truck were born in Changchun in 1950s. They were made by the nation's first auto producer, the First Automobile Works (FAW). At present, FAW is the country's second-largest auto manufacturer, after the Shanghai Automotive Industrial Corp. In 2012, FAW sold 2.65 million units of auto. The sales revenue of FAW amounted to RMB 408.46 billion, up 10.8% year on year.
Agricultural product processing is another major pillar industry of Changchun, for which the industrial output accounted for 15.2% of the city's total in 2012. Because of its fertile soil, Jilin has very rich land for growing crops, and is known as one of the “Golden Corn Belts” world-wide. As the largest granary of China, the province's grain-output accounts for 5.67% of the country's total output, thus providing abundant agricultural resources for the food processing industry in Changchun; each year, the city hosts an international agricultural products and food expo.
Changchun's first movements in the photo electronics industry heralded the beginning of China's photo electronics industry, and for that reason, is known as the “City of Science and Technology”. In addition to CIOMP, Changchun has a talent pool comprising of over 3000 researchers who have reached professorial level and above for photo electronic research.
In 2012, Changchun's foreign trade reached US$19.68 billion, increased 13.4% year on year. Export value increased 27.9% to US$2.9 billion, while import value rose 11.3% to US$16.78 billion.
In 2012, Changchun approved 42 foreign invested projects with utilized FDI of US$3.68 billion, up 19.6% year on year.
Changchun was first constructed in 1800. In 1932, it became the capital of Manchukuo, acquiring the name Hsinking, which means “New Capital” in Mandarin. From that time until 1945, China's last emperor, Pu Yi, was installed as the government head of Manchukuo by the Japanese. After the second World War, the city was liberated by the Soviet Red Army in 1945, and returned to Chinese rule in 1946.
After the founding of PRC, Changchun developed quickly. In addition to its nicknames “City of Automobiles” and “City of Science and Technology”, Changchun is also called “City of Films”, “City of Statues” and “Forest City”. The Changchun Film Studio was the first film studio to commence filming in China, and was praised as being the cradle of the Chinese film industry. A national film festival is held in Changchun every two years.
Being the capital of Manchukuo, Changchun has many historical and scenic spots, such as the Puppet Emperor's Palace and Badabu. Famous, natural must-see sights include the South Lake Park and the Jingyuetan National Forest Park. Another major draw-card is the vast variety of activities to be experienced at the Changchun Film Studio and Changchun Movie City.
In the culinary world, the most unique feature of Changchun's local dishes is the native countryside taste. The raw ingredients of the most famous dishes are mainly rare products found in Changbai Mountain, such as ginseng, antlers, bear's paw, Feilong, Xueha and Songermo. The most well-known dishes include the eight major bowls of Manchu, sauce meats, frozen dumplings, hoof filament, dog's meats, fried mutton, etc.
Major Development Zones
GDP in 2010
|Changchun Economic and Technological Development Zone|
|Automobiles, auto parts, photo-electronics and information technology, bio-pharmaceutical, grain processing, new building materials|
|Changchun High-tech Industrial Development Zone|
|Automobiles, photo-electronics, bio-pharmaceuticals, information technology, new materials|
"National Environmental Protection Model City" (2002)
- Ministry of Environment Protection, PRC
"National Garden City" (2001)
- Ministry of Construction of P.R. China
"Best Tourism City" (1998)
- National Tourism Administration of P.R. China