Located to the South-East of the Liaoning Province, Dandong is a border city, and faces North Korea to the South-East, across the Yalu River. It is an important city of industry, trade, logistics and tourism in Liaoning.
Dandong has a temperate continental monsoon climate, with an annual average temperature of 9°C and annual rainfall of 800-1200 mm. Its forest coverage rate is 66%.
Between Korea and China, Dandong is utilized as a major land passage. It is 160 km away from Pyongyang, and 320 km away from Seoul. Having the advantage of being at the border, Dandong was established by the country as a border-opening city in 1988. A border cooperation zone has been set up in Dandong.
|Economic Features |
|The pillar industries of Dandong have been established as the production of auto parts, paper making, garments, instruments, electronics and boron chemicals. In 2009, the value-added industrial output of Dandong reached RMB 19.18 billion, up 23.1% over the previous year. The revenue and profit of the combined industrial companies in Dandong was RMB 71.87 billion and RMB 6.2 billion, up 40.8% and 34.4%.|
The automobile- and auto parts-manufacturing industry is the most important pillar industry of Dandong, and, in 2009, total output reached 26,000 units, increased by 34.2% year on year. Shuguang Automotive Corp is the leading company; their revenue reached RMB 8.0 billion in 2009.
Textiles and garments comprise a traditional industry in Dandong. There are over 300 companies in this sector; the Dandong Chemical Fiber Corp is the largest one, with a production capability of viscose fiber at 80,000 tons per year. Dandong is also the largest tussah silk-production base of China, with the tussah silk output exceeding 40% of the nation's total.
In 2009, Dandong’s foreign trade grew by 6.8% to US$2.01 billion, in which export and import amounted to US$1.45 billion and US$0.56 billion respectively. The major trading partner of Dandong is North Korea, of whose trading relationship accounted for 29.5% of the total trade.
Benefiting from an advantageous geographic location and Dandong’s border cooperation policy, the logistics industry is a major industry in the service sector. The Dandong port is the farthest seaport to the East among China's coastal ports, and has established ocean transport routes with Japan, South Korea, Russia and Hong Kong. Its annual throughput is forecasted to reach 100 million tons in 2015.
In its history, Dandong has been a typical border city. In the early stages of the Qing Dynasty (1600s), due to the government's border stabilization policy, people were forbidden from working outside the border wall, which was a blow to the local economy of Dandong, given that it is located outside. This situation lasted until late in the nineteenth century, when a new county government commenced operation, introducing a new period of certain employment freedom to Dandong.
Dandong's population has 29 minority ethnicities, in which Manchu, Hui and Korean feature largely. The culture of Dandong is therefore deeply influenced by these three sides. The architectural styles found in Dandong are based quite heavily on both Manchu and Korean styles.
Famous scenic spots in Dandong include the Eastern Start of the Great Wall, Jinjiang Mountain, Phoenix Mountain, Qingshan Lake, Tianqiao Gully State Forest Park, Big Deer Island, and Jade Dragon Lake.
Dandong's cuisine is based on the cooking styles of Manchu, Hui and Korea. “Hot pot” is a traditional dish from Manchu. Hui cuisine focuses on beef and mutton, varying between preparation methods of braising, frying and stewing. Among the Korean dishes, "Korean Noodle" is the most well-known.
|Major Development Zones|
By the end of 2010, Dandong had 1 state-level development zone.
|Name||Dandong Border & Economic Cooperation Zone|
|Pillar Industries||Equipment manufacturing, ship-building, petrochemicals, export processing, food processing, warehousing and logistics|
|GDP (RMB billion)||N.A.|
Source: National Development and Reform Commission
National Clean City (2005)
-National Ministry of Health
Best Tourism City (2001)
-National Tourism Administration