Jiamusi, a prefecture-level city in the northeastern part of Heilongjiang Province, is seated in the Sanjiang Plain. It faces Russia across the Ussuri River (also known as Wusuli River) and the Heilongjiang River. It covers an area of 31,528 sq km and has a population of 2.51 million. It has cold temperate continental monsoon climate and an average temperature of about 3°C.
It is a transportation hub in east Heilongjiang Province. The Tongjiang-Sanya Highway, the Tongjiang-Harbin Highway and the Hegang-Dalian Highway, as along with 6 province-level highways, form a comprehensive highway network in Jiamusi. The Harbin-Jiamusi Railway, the Jiamusi-Hegang Railway, the Mudanjiang-Jiamusi Railway and the Jiamusi-Fujin Railway connect the city with all the other cities in Heilongjiang. Jiamusi Airport, 9 km east of the city center, offers regular flights to Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai and other cities.
Jiamusi is rich in mineral resources, such as gold, natural gas, coal and mineral water. The natural gas reserve in Jiamusi amounts is about 10 million steres and ranks first in Heilongjiang.
In 2011, Jiamusi's GDP paced up 14.2% from a year earlier to RMB 62.53 billion.
Jiamusi is an agricultural production hub in Heilongjiang Province. In 2011, value-added output from the agricultural sector surged 14.2% to RMB 18.92 billion. Crop production of the city rose 26.8% to 7.3 million tons.
In 2011, gross industrial output from enterprises with designated size or above of the city surpassed RMB 39.34 billion, representing a rise of 35.5% over the previous year. Gross output from heavy industry amounted to RMB 22.77 billion, increasing by 38.7% compared with a year ago, while that from light industry reached RMB 16.57 billion, rising 31.4% year on year. Heavy industry and light industry made up 64% and 36% of the city's total gross industrial output.
Electricity production and supply, construction materials, chemicals and agricultural products processing are the pillar industries in the city. Major industrial products in the city include cement, edible oils, fertilizer and feed. The industrial sector in Jiamusi is relatively weak compared with other cities in Heilongjiang such as Harbin and Daqing.
The service sector, the largest contributor of the city, gained value-added output of RMB 26.99 billion in 2011, contributing 43.2% to Jiamusi's economy. The consumer market in Jiamusi is very active. In 2011, sales of consumer goods amounted to RMB 24.55 billion, surging 18.2% from the previous year.
Foreign trade value increased 19.6% to RMB 3.65 billion in 2011. Export value was US$3.01 billion, increased 6.1% year on year, while import value stood at US$640 million, grew 197.5% year on year. Russia is Jamusi’s largest foreign trade partner. In 2011, foreign trade with Russia amounted to US$900 million, increased 24.5% year on year, accounting for 24.66% of the city’s foreign trade. The utilized FDI in Jiamusi hit US$150 million in 2011, with a rise of 33.5% year on year.
Jiamusi has a long history. In ancient times, it served as a post road from the Songhua River to the Heilongjiang River. The earliest records in Jiamusi date back to 1720. The region was named Dongxing County in 1888 and its name was changed into Jiamusi in 1930.
Jiamusi is a hometown of the Sushen people, ancestors of the Manchu, and an ethnic minority group in China. Many ethnic groups, including Manchus and Mongols, are still living in the city. Their traditional cultures are well-preserved.
Jiamusi offers many tourist attractions. It has many towns and beautiful natural scenic spots such as Honghe Nature Reserve, Wusu Town, Fuyuan Port, Sanjiang Nature Reserve and Wofoshan Skiing Resort. Honghe Nature Reserve is famous for its swans, wild geese and red-crowned cranes. Wusu Town, a small salmon-fishing town, is the easternmost place in China.
People traveling to Jiamusi will enjoy tasty local dishes such as spicy noodles, Roasted Pork, Roasted Mutton, and Roasted Fish.