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Jinan (Shandong) City Information

Major Economic Indicators (2012)

Land Area (km²)8,227
Population (million)6.95
GDP (RMB billion)481.27
GDP Composition
Primary Industry5.2%
Secondary Industry (Industry & Contruction)40.3%
Tertiary Industry (Service)54.5%
GDP Per Capita (RMB)69,574
Unemployment Rate3.08%
Fixed Asset Investment (RMB billion)218.61
Utilized FDI (USD million)1,220
Total Import & Export (USD million)9,150
Export (USD million)5,720
Import (USD million)3,430
Sales of Consumer Goods (RMB billion)232.36
Source: Jinan Economic and Social Development Report 2012


Located in the center of Shandong Province, Jinan is the provincial capital, as well as one of the coastal cities which are opened to foreign investment, and one of the nation's fifteen sub-provincial cities. It covers a total area of 8,227 km2 and has a population of 6.95 million. Under its present administration, there are six districts, three counties and one county-level city. Jinan has a temperate monsoon climate, with an average annual temperature of 14°C and rainfall of 650-700 mm.

Limestone is one of the city's major mineral resources. Jinan yields limestone of the highest quality and more types of limestone can be found here than anywhere else in China. It also has an abundance of coal and iron. The proven coal reserve in Jinan totals 331.6 million tons, with sixteen coal output locations. Jinan's Zhangqiu County is one of China's key counties for coal output. Additionally, Jinan's iron ore reserve totals 49.1 million tons.

Three railways intersect in Jinan, namely, the Beijing-Shanghai Railway, Jinan-Qingdao Railway and Jinan-Handan Railway, making this city easily accessible. Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport is located in the northwest of the city, providing more transport options. It is located 28.5 km from Jinan's downtown area. In 2012, the airport's passenger and freight throughput reached 7.66 million persons and 74,070 tons, ranking 26th and 27th in China.

Jinan is Shandong's education center. It has 40 universities and colleges with a total of 505,000 students, the highest in the province. Shandong University, located in Jinan, is the most famous university in Shandong.

Economic Features

In 2012, value added industrial output from enterprise with designated scale and above of the city rose 10.1% to RMB 135.74 billion, Heavy and light industry generated RMB 100.64 billion and RMB 35.1 billion in value added industrial output, up 9.9% and 10.6% year on year, respectively. Jinan has established six pillar industries, including electronics, food processing and pharmaceuticals, machinery, petrochemicals, transportation equipment, and metallurgy.

China National Heavy Duty Truck Group (CNHDT or Sinotruk) is the largest heavy truck manufacturer in China. Being the birthplace for China's first heavy duty truck, Sinotruk is currently one of the major heavy duty truck production bases in China. In 2012, the sales revenue of the company reached RMB 19.37 billion dropped 25.67% year on year, while the net profit amounted to RMB 46.47 million, down 87.17% year on year.

Modern service industry is a rapid growing industry in the city. In 2012, added value of modern service industry amounted to RMB 127.3 billion, up 10.5%  year on year, accounting for 48.6% of the tertiary industry.

Jinan is the headquarters of Inspur Group, one of the earliest enterprises engaged in China's IT industry. Inspur is also the largest player in the city's electronics and IT industry. It has set up joint ventures with Casio, Ericsson and LG in several other cities. Currently, Inspur is one of the top five outsourcing companies in China, and one of the top 100 outsourcing companies in the world. In 2012, its revenue reached RMB 40.1 billon, up 9% year on year.

Within the same year, Jinan's foreign trade decreased 12.1% to US$9.15 billion, of which exports amounted to US$5.72 billion, down 5.4% year on year. The main exports were mechanical and electronic products, which amounted to US$3.95 billion, decreased 6.0% year on year. Jinan approved 84 foreign invested projects in 2012 with a contractual FDI of US$1.62 billion, while the utilized FDI reached US$1.22 billion, up 10.9% year on year.

Cultural Highlights

Jinan was established and received its name during the early Han Dynasty about 2,200 years ago. Many of the nation's famous poets throughout history lived in Jinan, such as Xin Qiji and Li Qingzhao in the Song Dynasty. In 1897, Germany occupied Jinan and used it as a base for its colonial expansion in China. The Qingdao-Jinan Railway was built at that time.

Jinan is nicknamed “City of Springs”. The history of its springs dates back to 694 BC, when lords from two states held a meeting by Luoshui (currently known as the Baotu Spring – the most famous spring in Jinan). Presently, there are 139 springs in Jinan. Most of them are sources of drinkable mineral water.

Tourist Attraction

Marco Polo once paid a visit to Jinan. It is a hospitable city and attracts tourists from all over the world with its famous scenic spots like the Baotu Spring, Daming Lake, Thousand Buddha Mountain, the ancient Great Wall of the Qi State (a state of the Zhou Dynasty between (770-221 BC), and the colored sculptures of the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD) in the Lingyan Temple.

Jinan Cuisine features delicate aromas, wonderful taste, tenderness and a wide variety of dishes. While Shandong Cuisine is famous for its soup, Jinan's is the best, with the most renowned being Pucai in Milky Soup (Naitang Pucai).

Major Development Zones

By the end of 2010, Jinan had two state-level development zones.

Area (km²)
Pillar Industries
GDP in 2010
(RMB billion)
Jinan Export Processing Zone
Information technology, new materials, bio-pharmaceuticals, precision
machinery, textiles and garments, food processing, furniture manufacturing
Jinan High-tech Industrial Development Zone
Automobiles, information technology, food processing, pharmaceuticals, machinery

Source: National Development and Reform Commission


"Model City for Works of Intellectual Property Rights" (2008)
- State Intellectual Property Office

"Service Outsourcing Base City" (2006)
- Ministry of Commerce

"National Garden City" (2002)
- Ministry of Construction of P.R. China

Content provided by China Knowledge