Jixi, seated in the southeastern part of Heilongjiang Province, is adjacent to Mudanjiang and Qitaihe to the west. It shares a border of 631 km with Russia to the east and southeast. It covers an area of 22,531 sq km and has a population of 1.91 million. It enjoys a cold temperate continental monsoon climate, and its average temperature is about 4℃.
Jixi is rich in mineral resources, such as coal, graphite and marble. It has coal reserves of 8 billion tons, ranking second out of 13 prefectures and prefecture-level cities in the province. The graphite reserves in the city amount to 780 million tons, ranking first in Asia. Jixi is also rich in Chinese medicinal herbs and freshwater resources. It shares the Khanka Lake with Russia. The Muling River runs through the city.
Transportation in Jixi mainly relies on railways and highways. Trains from Jixi Railway Station run from Jixi to Beijing, Harbin, Daqing and other cities in Heilongjiang Province. The Qiqihar-Daqing Highway, the Chengzihe-Peide Highway and State Highway 201 go through the city, connecting the city with most cities in Northeast China.
|Economic Features |
|In 2009, Jixi's GDP reached RMB 35.38 billion, representing a steady growth of 13.8% from a year earlier, ranked seventh among the 13 prefectures and prefecture-level cities in the province. |
Secondary industry (construction and industry), the largest contributor to the city’s economy, realized value-added output of RMB 13.8 billion in 2009, and contributed 39.1% to the city's GDP. The service sector generated value-added output of RMB 12.1 billion, accounting for 34.3% to the city's GDP, while primary industry generated value-added output of RMB 9.4 billion, comprising 26.6% of the city's GDP.
In 2009, value-added industrial output generated by enterprises with designated size or above rose 24.1% to RMB 6.67 billion. Coal mining is the most important pillar industry in Jixi. In 2009, value-added industrial output of the industry amounted to RMB 4.19 billion, accounting for 62.8% of the industrial sector’s total. Jixi produced 19.35 million tons of coal in 2009, up 0.7% year on year.
Other pillar industries in Jixi include food manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, non-metal products, metallurgy, machinery, and electricity production and supply. The combined value-added industrial output of the above five pillars amounted to RMB 2.4 billion, accounting for 36% of the industrial sector.
Jixi hosts large industrial companies such as Huawei Wood and Heilongjiang Rixin Food. Huawei Wood, founded in 1999, is a large wooden door producer in northeast China. Heilongjiang Rixin Food was set up in 2006. It is mainly engaged in edible fungus processing. It has annual processing capacity of 2,500 tons of edible fungus.
Wholesaling and retailing are the pillars of the service sector. Sales of consumer goods stood at RMB 10.27 billion, rising 19.2% from the previous year. However, Jixi’s consumer market is relatively small, compared with that of Harbin or Daqing.
In 2009, the foreign trade value of Jixi totaled US$499.01 million, up 4.1% year on year. Its export value rose 1.3% to US$459.82 million, while import value rose 55.1% to US$39.19 million. Russia is the largest export destination. Exports to Russia decreased 16.6% to US$333.13 million, comprising 72.4% of the city's total export value.
The utilized FDI in Jixi was US$24.25 million in 2009, representing a rise of 6.6% from a year ago. However, investments from large multinational companies are still absent in the city.
Jixi's history stretches back to 6,000 year ago, when the ancestors of the Manchu people started inhabiting in this region. Jixi is the origin place of Xinkailiu culture, the ancient fishing culture in China. About 3,000 years ago, during the Shang Dynasty, the local people began communicating with people in central China. Jixi was designated a prefecture-level city in 1968.
Jixi is rich in historical sites, such as ancient burial mounds and city walls. The Liao and Jin Ancient City Ruins are located 4 km northwest of Yongqing County. They feature ancient walls built during the Liao and Jin Dynasties as well as horse sculptures and ancient pottery. Jixi also enjoys beautiful natural scenic spots, such as the Khanka Lake Scenic Spot and the Muling River Scenic Spot.
The most famous local dish in Jixi is Jixi Cold Noodles, which is made of buckwheat noodles or wheat noodles, beef slices, chili, preserved-vegetables, pear, sesame oil and beef soup.