Liaoyuan is located in the southeastern part of Jilin Province, in the transition area between Songnen Plain and Changbai Mountain. The smallest among the prefecture-level cities in Jilin, it covers an area of 5,125 sq km. The population of the city amounted to 1.24 million at the end of 2009.
Liaoyuan has a temperate semi-humid monsoon climate. The average temperature is 4.5°C. The average annual precipitation reaches 750 mm, while the average annual sunshine totals 2,580 hours.
Liaoyuan is rich in timber and mineral resources. Forests cover 42% of the city's lands. Mineral resources such as coal, limestone, marble, silica, and wollastonite are abundant. In addition, Liaoyuan is also replete with water resources. There are 56 rivers and streams, including Songhua River and Liao River, running through the city.
Transportation in Liaoyuan is very convenient. The Siping-Meihekou Railway and the Changchun-Yingchengzi Expressway run through the city. Changchun Airport is within one and a half-hour’s drive from Liaoyuan.
|Economic Features |
|Liaoyuan realized GDP of RMB 41 billion in 2010 representing a rise of 15.6% year on year. The city is the second smallest economy in Jilin province. |
The agricultural sector generated value-added output of RMB 4.27 billion in 2010, accounting for 10.4% of the city's GDP. Output of grain amounted to 1.34 million tons, increased 26.1% year on year.
In 2010, value-added output of secondary industry (industry and construction) amounted to RMB 23 billion and accounted for 56.2% of the city's total. The value-added industrial output of the city amounted to RMB 18 billion, accounting for 44.1% of the city's GDP. The private enterprises accounting for 78.4% of the gross industrial output.
Non-ferrous metal smelting and rolling, non-metallic mineral products manufacturing, textiles, agricultural products processing, pharmaceuticals, and coal mining are the six pillars of the city. The profits of the above six industries amounted to RMB 364 million, RMB 208 million, RMB 106 million, RMB 178 million, RMB 80 million and RMB 195 million, respectively. The combined profits of the six pillars amounted to RMB 1.13 billion, accounting for 75% of the industrial sector.
Liaoyuan Deheng Company, which is listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange, is mainly engaged in textile raw materials. The company has suffered losses since 2008. In August 2010, Joyson Holding Co Ltd plans to inject RMB 214 million into Liaoyuan Deheng to become the biggest shareholder of the firm.
In 2010, the service sector generated value-added industrial output of RMB 13.7 billion, contributing 33.4% to the city's GDP.
Wholesale and retail is the largest contributor to the service sector. In 2010, sales of consumer goods amounted to RMB 10.75 billion, up 18.8% year on year. In 2010, about 1 million tourists have visited the city, up 18.3%, while the tourism revenue rose 87.6% to RMB 1 billion.
The city's foreign trade amounted to US$61.64 million in 2010, representing decrease of 1.6% compared to the previous year. Export and import value reached US$35.66 million and US$25.98 million. Liaoyuan attracted utilized FDI of US$200 million, up 33.3% year on year.
Liaoyuan, with long history of raising deer, is widely appraised as the Hometown of Spotted Deer in China. As early as the Qing Dynasty, Emperor Kangxi designated Liaoyuan as a Royal Deer Park.
Additionally, Liaoyuan is also the Town of the Lute, the Town of Peasant Painting, and Town of Errenzhuan Comedy (a form of song and dance duet).
Tourist attractions in Liaoyuan include Shou Mountain, Gui (tortoise) Mountain, Longshou (head of Dragon) Mountain Park, Nanzhao Mountain Park, Yangmu Lake Resort, Bayi Lake Resort, Dongfeng Royal Deer Park, and Dongfeng Tortoise Island Tourism Resort.
Since Liaoyuan has a long history of raising deer, Guandong deer meat is one of the popular dishes among local people. Additionally, charcoal hotpot is also unique and delicious.