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Maanshan ( Anhui ) City Information

Major Economic Indicators (2010)

Land Area (km2)1,686
Population (million)1.3
GDP (RMB billion)81.1
GDP Composition
Primary Industry3%
Secondary Industry
(Industry & Contruction)
Tertiary Industry (Service)28%
GDP Per Capita (RMB)62,385
Unemployment Rate3.2%
Fixed Asset Investment (RMB billion)70.03
Utilized FDI (USD million)705
Total Import & Export (USD million)2,880
Export (USD million)507
Import (USD million)2,370
Sales of Consumer Goods (RMB billion)14.78
SourceSource: Maanshan Economic and Social Development Report 2010


Maanshan is situated in the eastern part of Anhui Province, at the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The city adjoins Wuhu to the south and Nanjing, provincial capital of Jiangsu Province, to the north. Maanshan is merely 45 km from the city center of Nanjing and 300 km from Shanghai, China’s economic and financial hub. Maanshan covers an area of 1,686 sq km and has a population of 1.3 million.

Maanshan, the eastern gate of Anhui Province, enjoys convenient transportation. The Nanjing-Tongling Railway, the Nanjing-Wuhu Highway and State Highway 205 run across the city. Nanjing Port, the largest inland petrochemical and liquid chemical transfer port in China, is within 2 hours' drive from the city. Nanjing Lukou International Airport, located 38 km from Maanshan, is the ninth largest airport in China by cargo throughout in 2009. It offers 85 routes to domestic and international cities such as Beijing, Singapore, Bangkok, Osaka and Kuala Lumpur.

The city has a subtropical humid monsoon climate with four distinct seasons. It is rich in mineral resources, such as iron, gold and copper. The iron ore reserves in Maanshan amount to 1.6 billion tons, ranking first in Anhui Province.
Economic Features
Maanshan maintained a stable economic growth in 2010. The city's GDP reached RMB 81.1 billion in 2010, an increase of 15% over the previous year. It ranked fourth out of 17 prefecture-level cities in Anhui Province, after Hefei, Anqing and Wuhu. Secondary industry (industry and construction) generated value-added output of RMB 56.35 billion, accounted for 69% of Maanshan's economy.

Maanshan is an important industrial hub in Anhui Province. The value-added industrial output from the enterprises with designated size and above grew to RMB 45.8 billion in 2010. Iron and steel, autos and auto parts, electricity production and supply, machinery, construction materials, textiles and chemicals are the main industries in the city.

Masteel Group, set up in 1953, is the largest industrial enterprise in Anhui in terms of gross industrial output in 2007, and one off the top ten steel producers in China. It focuses on the manufacture of wire, train wheels, steel plates, pig iron, iron oxide and other iron-related products. In 2009, the company produced 14.82 million tons of steel, ranked ninth among China's steel enterprises, accounting for 2.6% of the nation's total.

Other major players in Maanshan include Anhui Huailing Automobile, Shanying Paper, Maanshan Slewing Bearing and Sinosteel Tianyuan Co. Anhui Huailing Automobile, set up in 1970 in Maanshan, is a manufacturer of mixer trucks, tractor trucks and dump trucks. In 2009, sales revenue and net profits amounted to RMB 3.8 billion and RMB 246 million, up 40% and 167.5% year on year. By the end of 2009, the total assets of this company surpassed RMB 3 billion.

The foreign trade value in Maanshan amounted to US$2.88 billion in 2010, comprising export value of US$507 million and import value of US$2.37 billion. In 2010, the city utilized FDI of US$705 million, with a rise of 23.2% from a year earlier.
Cultural Highlights
Maanshan’s name, which means "horse saddle mountain" in Chinese, comes from a Chinese legend. Legend has it that Xiang Yu, a prominent general in Chinese history, committed suicide in the region of present Maanshan after he was defeated by Liu Bang. Xiang Yu's beloved horse leapt into the river when it saw Xiang Yu die. The people buried the horse saddle in a hill, and the hill became known as Maanshan. The city's history extends back to Western Zhou Dynasty over 3,000 years ago. In 1956, Maanshan City was set up. Maanshan is famous for Si Hua, a technique of drawing on silk.
Tourist Attraction

The Cai Shi Ji Scenic Area, standing at the food of Cuiluo Mountain, is the most popular scenic spot in Maanshan. The Guangji Temple, one of the earliest Buddhist sites in China, was first built in the Eastern Han Dynasty (AD25-220). Putang Landscape Zone, lying in the eastern part of Maanshan, is also recommendable. It consists of a bamboo sea, clear springs, and a large number of ancient buildings.

Maanshan is home to Cai Shi Cha Gan, which is made of soybean with other ingredients and is a kind of accompaniment to tea. It is also home to Huang Chi Jiang Cai, a kind of preserved vegetables.

Dubai International Award for Best Practices to Improve the Living Environment (2002)
-United Nations

Best Tourism City in China (2001)
-National Tourism Administration of P.R. China 

National Garden City (1996)
-Ministry of Construction of P.R. China

Content provided by China Knowledge