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Nujiang Autonomous Prefecture (Yunnan) City Information

Major Economic Indicators (2010)

Land Area (km2)14,703
Population (million)0.54
GDP (RMB billion)6.46
GDP Composition
Primary Industry13%
Secondary Industry
(Industry & Contruction)
Tertiary Industry (Service)50%
GDP Per Capita (RMB)12,075
Unemployment Rate4.1%
Fixed Asset Investment (RMB billion)8.42
Utilized FDI (USD million)N.A.
Total Import & Export (USD million)405
Export (USD million)130
Import (USD million)275
Sales of Consumer Goods (RMB billion)1.76
SourceNujiang Economic and Social Development Report 2011


Nujiang Autonomous Prefecture is located in the northwestern part of Yunnan Province, bordering Burma to the west. It covers an area of 14,703 sq km. Its population is 0.54 million.

The climate of Nujiang is a subtropical mountain monsoon climate. The temperature difference within a year is very small; there are no distinct four seasons.

Nujiang is rich in natural resources. Forests cover approximately 70% of its lands. Total water resources of the prefecture amount to 95.6 billion cubic meters, accounting for 43% of Yunnan's total. Theoretical reserves of hydro energy reach 20 million kw, accounting for 20% of the province's total while generated electricity amounts to 85.1 billion kwh annually, contributing 19% of the province's total.

Transportation in Nujiang mainly relies on asphalt highways and is not as convenient as in other prefecture-level cities. Liuku Town, the political center of Nujiang, is 600 km from Kunming, the capital of Yunnan province.

Economic Features

Nujiang realized GDP of RMB 6.46 billion in 2011, representing a rise of 18% year on year. The prefecture's GDP accounted for approximately 0.7% of Yunnan's total.

The agricultural sector, the smallest contributor to the prefecture's economy, generated value-added output of RMB 821.93 million in 2011, accounting for 13% of the prefecture's GDP. The output value from agricultural sector was RMB 1.25 billion in 2011, up 7.6% year on year.

Secondary industry (industry and construction), the second largest contributor to the prefecture's economy, realized value-added industrial output of RMB 2.4 billion, accounting for 37% of the prefecture's total.

In 2011, the gross industrial output increased 10.12% year on year to RMB 4.28 billion, of which, heavy industry generated RMB 3.96 billion, up 9.91% from a year earlier and accounted for 92.5% of the city’s total.

The service sector generated value-added output of RMB 3.24 billion, accounting for 50% of the prefecture's total GDP in 2011.

Tourism is the most important pillar for the service sector. During 2011, approximately 1.73 million tourists visited the prefecture, generating tourism income of RMB 996.85 million. The total import and export value of the prefecture amounted to RMB 405 million in 2011, including RMB 130 million from export value, up 23.81% year on year. Burma is the most important trading partner of the prefecture.


Cultural Highlights

Nujiang is a multi-cultural prefecture with many ethnic minority groups, including the Lisu, the Nu, the Dulong and the Bai. The Lisu and Bai people account for approximately 52% and 28% of the prefecture’s total population, respectively.

Varied eating habits, ceremonies, costumes, folk legends and festivals, such as Kuoshi Festival, Xianhua Festival and Kaqiewa Festival, when people gather together to sing and dance, make Nujiang a colorful prefecture.


Tourist Attraction

Popular tourist attractions of the prefecture include Nujiang River First Gulf, Moon Mountain Scenery Area, Duling River, Tiger Valley, and Lanping Scenery Area.

Local ethnic minority cuisines are impressively unique and delicious. For example, the Lisu people use oil plants to make various dainties. In addition, Liquor Stew Chicken, Sour Bamboo Shoot, Daye (big leaf) tea, Meat Liquor and Egg Liquor are special things to try.

Content provided by China Knowledge