Shaoyang is situated in the southwestern part of Hunan. It governs 8 counties, 1 county-level city and 3 districts. Covering an area of 20,829 sq km, it is the third largest city after Huaihua and Yongzhou among 14 prefectures and prefecture-level cities in Hunan. Shaoyang is the most populous city in Hunan. Its population tops 6.7 million. It has a humid, subtropical climate, with average temperate at about 17°C.
The city is rich in natural resources. It is one of the major forested areas in Hunan. It has forest coverage of 42.7%, which is the highest level in the province.
Shaoyang has convenient transportation. State Highway 320 (which runs from Shanghai to Kunming) and State Highway 207 (which runs from Inner Mongolia to Wuzhou) intersect in the city. Regular trains from Shaoyang Railway Station connect the city with other major cities in mainland China. Changsha Huanghua International Airport, 250 km from Shaoyang's downtown area, operates daily flights to Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen and other major domestic cities.
|Economic Features |
|In 2009, GDP of Shaoyang grew 12.9% from the previous year to RMB 60.1 billion, ranking ninth out of 14 prefecture and prefecture-level cities in the province. |
Value-added output from primary industry and secondary industry amounted to RMB 15 billion and RMB 21.6 billion, accounting for 36% and 29%, respectively. The service sector, the largest contributor to the city's economy, realized value-added output of RMB 23.5 billion, making up 39% of Shaoyang's economy.
Shaoyang is a major agricultural production hub in Hunan Province. Output value from the agricultural sector rose 6.4% year on year to RMB 24.1 billion in 2009. It produced 3.19 million tons of crops, up 6.2% year on year.
The value-added industrial output in the city hit RMB 18.3 billion in 2009, representing an increment of 20.6% from a year earlier. Though Shaoyang's industrial sector maintained fast growth in 2009, it is still lagging behind large cities in Hunan, such as Changsha, Yueyang and Changde. Its value-added industrial output accounted for less than 1% of Hunan's total.
Value-added industrial output generated by enterprises with designated size or above amounted to RMB 15 billion in 2009. That from heavy industry and light industry soared 21.1% and 29.6% to RMB 8.9 billion and RMB 6.1 billion, making up 59.3% and 40.7% of the city's total, respectively.
Coal mining and dressing, agricultural product processing, electricity production and supply, beverages, textiles and garments, paper making and construction materials are the pillar industries in Shaoyang. Construction materials and agricultural food processing are the two largest industries in the city. The value-added industrial output amounted to RMB 1.01 billion and RMB 1 billion, up 44.2% and 26.8% year on year, respectively.
Shaoyang has a booming consumer market. In 2009, sales of consumer goods in the city increased by 19.6% to RMB 23.5 billion, ranking seventh among the 14 prefecture and prefecture-level cities in Hunan Province.
Foreign trade value surpassed US$223.4 million in 2009, rising 1.7% from the previous year. The export value hit US$198.2 million, decreased 1.03% year on year, while the import value exceeded US$25.2 million, up 29.7% year on year. Lighters, frozen meat, wigs and equipment are the major export products from Shaoyang. Hong Kong, the U.S., Korea and Japan are major export destinations.
In 2009, Shaoyang’s utilized FDI was US$70.24 million, increasing by 11.1% from a year ago.
Shaoyang boosts a long history of over 2,500 years. It was called Baoqing in AD1225 and kept the name for over 700 years. Its name was changed into Shaoyang in 1949. The name means "north of the Shao River" in Chinese.
The city enjoys diverse cultures. The ethnic minority groups, such as the Miao, the Bai and the Hui, account for 5% of the city's total population.
Shaoyang has abundant tourist attractions, including the "Top 12 Scenic Spots of Ancient Baoqing", Langshan Mountain Scenic Area, Baishui Cave and Suining Huangsang Nature Reserve. The "Top 12 Scenic Spots of Ancient Baoqing," which are located along the Zijiang River, comprise a large number of historical and cultural sites, such as Dongshan Temple of the Southern and Northern Dynasties. Langshan Mountain Scenic Area is reputed for its beautiful scenery and wonderful Danxia landform.
Hunan Cuisine is popular in Shaoyang. Tourists should taste Beer Duck (stewed duck with beer), Hot and Peppery Chicken and Mashed Shrimp in Lotus Pod, which are the most characteristic and delicious dishes.
National Model City for Greenery (2007)
-National Greenery Commission
Top City for living in China (2007)
-Ministry of Construction
National Civilization City (2005)
-National Civilization Commission