Suihua, a prefecture-level city in the southern part of Heilongjiang Province, is adjacent to Yichun to the east, Harbin, the provincial capital, to the south, Daqing to the west and Heihe to the north. It covers an area of 35,211 sq km and has a population of 5.8 million.
Transportation in Suihua is very convenient. The Harbin-Jiamusi Railway, the Harbin-Bei'an Railway and the Harbin-Manzhouli Railway go through the city, linking the city with other cities in Heilongjiang Province. The Harbin-Suihua Highway, connected with the Beijing-Harbin Highway, makes the city easily accessible by highway. Harbin Airport, a 1.5-hour drive from Suihua, operates 68 domestic routes and 23 international routes, offering flights to large cities including Beijing, Shanghai and Tokyo.
The city enjoys a temperate continental monsoon climate with cold, windy winters and warm, humid summers. The average temperature in Suihua is between 1.3-4℃.
|Economic Features |
|In 2009, Suihua's GDP hit RMB 60.59 billion, representing a steady growth of 13.8% over the previous year. Its GDP ranked fourth in the province, following Harbin, Daqing and Qiqihar. |
The agricultural sector and service sector are main contributors to the city’s GDP. Value-added output of the two sectors amounted to RMB 21.33 billion and RMB 24.71 billion, accounting for 35.2% and 40.8% of the city’s GDP. Secondary industry contributed RMB 14.54 billion, accounting for 24% of GDP.
Suihua is an agricultural production hub in Heilongjiang. In 2009, it produced 11.2 million tons of crops, up 3.5% year on year. Corn is the major agricultural product in the city. In 2009, corn production rose 10.8% year on year.
In 2009, the value-added industrial output in Suihua totaled RMB 6.28 billion, up 24.2% year on year. Agricultural products processing is the largest industry in Suihua. It attracted investments from large domestic companies, such as Henan-based Shineway, a leading meat processor, and Inner Mongolia-based Yili, a large diary products manufacturer and supplier. Yili built a dairy production base in Zhaodong, a county-level city of Suihua, in 2001.
Other pillar industries in Suihua include chemicals, petrochemicals, textiles and machinery. Wynca, a Hangzhou-based raw chemical and chemical products maker, set up a joint venture, namely Wynca Silicon Materials Company, with Zhejiang Kaihua Yuantong Silicon Industry in Suihua in 2008. The new venture, with registered capital of RMB 60 million, is expected to produce 100,000 tons chemical silica.
Suihua's consumer market is very active. In 2009, the sales of consumer goods in the city rose 18.7% to RMB 22.09 billion.
In 2009, the foreign trade value in Suihua exceeded US$73.45 million, sinking 6.5% from the previous year. The export value hit US$59.53 million, down 6.5% year on year, while the import value reached US$13.92 million, down 6.7% year on year. Agricultural products, wooden products and linen products are the major export products from Suihua. The utilized FDI in Suihua reached US$37.74 million in 2009, increasing by 4% from a year earlier.
Suihua's history stretches back to over 10,000 years ago. As early as in the Paleolithic Age, human beings started living in this region. During the Xia and Shang Dynasties, the Sushen people, the ancestors of the Manchu, inhabited in this region. Suihua's agriculture developed fast during the Yuan Dynasty.
Since the Ming Dynasty, Suihua has been inhabited by many ethnic minority groups, such as Mongols and Koreans. Their folk arts, costumes, traditions and festivals are well-preserved in this city.
Sansheng Gong, Hailun Saint Joseph's Church and Xiwa Wetland are the top scenic spots in Suihua. Sansheng Gong, also called Three Sages Palace, was first built in 1924. It is a large temple, which has large statues of the greatest sages of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism. The temple has 10 mansions, 1 pavilion and 81 halls. Xiwa Wetland is famous for diverse wild animals, such as wild ducks, larks and grey cranes.
Suiha provides tourists a large variety of characteristic local dishes, such as Stewed Pork with Potato Noodles (or bean noodles), Guo Bao Rou (sweet-and-sour fried pork) and La Pi (a kind of potato noodles mixed with cucumber, sesame oil and ginger).