In addition to being the capital city of Shaanxi, Xi’an is also one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. It is the center of the province’s politics, economy and culture.
Xi'an is situated in central China, and enjoys a continental climate. The region is characterized by long, hot summers, and cold, dry winters, with short seasons of spring and autumn in between.
Xi'an has well developed transportation network. Xi'an Railway Station is one of eight major national railway stations. Xi'an Xianyang International Airport, located to the north-west of the city, is the main airport serving the city, and ranked ninth in terms of passenger throughput in 2007
Xi'an is rich in high-level talents. It has forty-eight colleges and universities, with a populace of students numbering around 3.6 million. In 2009, there were 150,400 fresh graduates supplying enough high-level talents for the development of the city.
|Economic Features |
|Xi'an is the largest economy of the Shaanxi province, with GDP of RMB 324.1 billion in 2010, up 14.5% year-on-year, and accounting for approximately 41.8% of the province's total. |
Equipment manufacturing is Xi'an's pillar industry. This industry realized value-added industrial output of RMB 36.5 billion, accounting for 44.5% of the city's total in 2007.
Xi'an High-Tech Industries Development Zone plays an important role in the city's industrial production. In 2009, the zone realized value-added industrial output of RMB 36.1 billion, while the city's total value-added industrial output was RMB 82 billion.
Tourism is a pillar business of the city's service industry. In 2010, the tourist reception of Xi'an reached 52 million domestic tourists realizing a total tourism income of RMB 40.52 billion, up 36.4% year-on-year, of which foreign-exchange earnings amounted to US$530 million, up 35.8% over 2009.
As one of the first service-outsourcing cities in China, over 800 enterprises are engaged in software and service outsourcing. In 2008, the city's output value from software and service outsourcing industry exceeded RMB 23 billion. The city planned to build a Software New Town with investment of RMB 30 billion. The new town is scheduled for completion in 2015.
In 2010, the total foreign-trade and utilized FDI of the city amounted to US$10.38 billion and US$1.57 billion, adding 43.2% and 28.5% year-on-year, respectively. Its major export goods are lighting equipment, automobile parts, et cetera, while its key import goods are mechanical and electrical products. The US is the major trading partner of the city.
Xi'an has a rich and culturally significant history. Ancient China was unified for the first time under the Qin Dynasty (221-206 B.C.), with the capital being located at Xianyang, which is north-west from modern Xi'an. The first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, ordered the construction of the Terracotta Army and his mausoleum to the east of Xi'an.
Qinqiang (Voice of Qin), the earliest ancestor of Beijing Opera, is the oldest and most extensive of the four major types of Chinese opera.
Xi’an region is one of China's most popular tourist destinations. There are many tourist attractions in and around the city, such as the Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang and his Terracotta Army, the city wall, the Bell Tower and Drum Tower, both located at the city's central axis, and the Big Wild Goose Pagoda and Small Wild Goose Pagoda; both are spectacular towers, and well over a thousand years old.
Xi'an has enjoyed a long history in its culinary culture. It is famous for Roast Piglet and Chicken in Bottled Gourd, Steamed Bun soaked in Mutton Soup, and the Fan-Family Cured Meat Broth. Noodles and dumplings are the staples of the local food.
|Major Development Zones|
By the end of 2010, Xi'an had three state-level development zones.
Source: Xi'an Economic and Technological Development Zone, Xi'an High-tech Industrial Development Zone, Xi'an Export Processing Zone
GDP in 2010
|Xi'an Economic and Technological Development Zone|
|Commercial vehicles, electricity and electronics, new materials, food and beverages|
|Xi'an High-tech Industrial Development Zone|
|Information technology, advanced manufacturing, bio-pharmaceuticals, automobile manufacturing|
|Xi'an Export Processing Zone|
|Aviation, new energy and materials, machinery manufacturing, electronic and components manufacturing|
National Clean City (2008)
- Office of the National Patriotic Health Campaign Committee
National Top Tten Harmonious Sustainable Development City (2008)
- Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China