Yichun, lying in the northeastern part of Heilongjiang Province, adjoins Hegang to the east, Harbin, the provincial capital city, to the south and Suihua to the west. It faces Russia across the Heilongjiang River and shares a 2,495-km-long boundary with Russia. It covers an area of 32,759 sq km and has a population of 1.27 million. It enjoys a cold temperate monsoon climate, with an average temperate of 1.0℃. It is among the coldest cities in China.
Yichun is easily accessible by air, rail and highway. Yichun is 350 km from Harbin Taiping International Airport and 150 km from Jiamusi Airport. Yichun Railway Station operates daily trains to Harbin, Jiamusi, Beijing, Tianjin and cities in Liaoning and Shandong. The Yichun-Hegang Highway and the Yichun-Mengying Road connect the city with other cities in Heilongjiang Province.
The city is rich in natural resources, such as timber, fresh water and minerals. Total water storage in the city exceeds 10.2 billion steres. The city is rich in spruce, Korean pines and Chinese medicinal herbs. Major mineral resources found in Yichun include gold, silver, iron and lead.
|In 2010, Yichun's GDP grew 15.7% from a year earlier to RMB 20.24 billion. Yichun is the third smallest economy in the province. Primary industry, secondary industry and tertiary industry amounted to RMB 6.14 billion, RMB 7.93 billion and RMB 6.17 billion, accounted for 30.3%, 39.2% and 30.5% of the city's GDP, respectively.
In 2010, value-added industrial output amounted to RMB 7.12 billion in 2010, rising 29.3% from a year earlier. Heavy industry and light industry rose 30.7% and 46.9% than that of 2009.
Wood processing and metallurgy are the main industries in Yichun. In 2009, value-added industrial output from wood processing surged 12.3% to RMB 2.05 billion, comprising 57.4% of the industrial sector's total, while that from metallurgy rose 25.9% to RMB 1.2 billion, accounting for 33.6% of the industrial sector's total. These two industries accounted for 91% of Yichun's total value-added industrial output.
Yichun Guangming, the sole listed company in Yichun, was set up in 1986. It is mainly engaged in furniture production and supply. In 2009, its sales revenue amounted to RMB 99.15 million, while the net profits reached RMB 10.11 million in 2009.
Service industry in Yichun is rather strong. Tourism industry is growing rapidly in the city. In 2010, more than 4.19 million tourists visited Yichun, whose tourism income was RMB 2.52 billion, up 31.7% year on year.
In 2010, foreign trade value in Yichun surged 36.3% year on year to US$302.23 million, comprising US$190.86 million in export value and US$111.37 million in import value. Agricultural products, wooden products and metal products are the major exports products of Yichun. The utilized FDI in Yichun was US$45.4 million in 2010, representing an increment of 58% from the previous year.
Yichun was named after the Yichun River. Its history stretches back to the Shang Dynasty. It was inhabited by many ethnic minority groups before the Tang Dynasty. Since the Tang Dynasty, the current territory of Yichun has been under the control of China’s central government.
Yichun is a multi-cultural prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang. Many minority groups, such as Manchus, Mongols and Koreans, are living in this city.
Yichun is famed for its beautiful natural scenery, diverse wild plants and vast Korean pine forests. It won the name of "natural oxygen bar", the "capital of forests" and the "home town of Korean pines". Yichun is also the place where Heilongjiang Manzhou Dinosaur Fossil was discovered. So it is also called the "capital of dinosaurs" in China.
People traveling in Yichun should try the delicious local dishes, which include Preserved Vegetable Soup, Fried Sliced Pork, Spicy & Cold Sliced Pork and Radish Dipped in Sesame Sauce.