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Pakistan: Market Profile

Picture: Pakistan factsheet
Picture: Pakistan factsheet

1. Overview

While Pakistan's growth trajectory remains promising over a long-term horizon, underpinned by its large consumer and labour markets, a strong infrastructure development project pipeline and rising industrial sector, macroeconomic imbalances will remain significant over the short-to-medium term. The country's fiscal and current account deficits will prove to be significant drags on growth in the near term, despite some modest support provided by the significant and growing remittance inflows into the country. An improving but unpredictable security situation, difficult business climate, lengthy legal processes and a challenging tax environment have contributed to lower overall growth and foreign direct investment inflows than regional competitors.

Sources: World Bank, Fitch Solutions

2. Major Economic/Political Events and Upcoming Elections

August 2017
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif resigned.

March 2018
Pakistan had allowed the rupee to weaken twice over the five months leading up to March 2018 as it attempted to patch its weak financial position before elections in July 2018.

August 2018
Former international cricket star Imran Khan became Prime Minister on a pledge to end corruption and dynastic politics, after his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) became the largest party in the July 2018 general election.

November 2018
Pakistan's Executive Committee of the National Economic Council approved six development projects worth an estimated USD4.92 billion. The approvals include adding Tangir Hydropower in the Diamer-Bhasha dam and the Peshawar Sustainable Bus Rapid Transit Corridor Project, with completion of the latter expected in June 2019. Other approved schemes include a more than 750km transmission line project for power evacuation from the 870MW Suki Kinari hydropower project (HPP) in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa's Mansehra district, a 1.12GW Kohala HPP in the Muzaffarabad district of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) and a 590MW Mahal HPP in Bagh District in AJK. The Sind Solar Energy Project and rehabilitation of the Dargai hydroelectric power station in Malakand were also approved.

Sources: BBC Country Profile – Timeline, Fitch Solutions, government sources

3. Major Economic Indicators

Graph: Pakistan real GDP and inflation
Graph: Pakistan real GDP and inflation
Chart: Pakistan GDP by sector (2017)
Chart: Pakistan GDP by sector (2017)
Graph: Pakistan unemployment rate
Graph: Pakistan unemployment rate
Graph: Pakistan current account balance
Note: 2017 and 2018 data for nominal current account balance values are not available from the IMF
Graph: Pakistan current account balance
Note: 2017 and 2018 data for nominal current account balance values are not available from the IMF

e = estimate, f = forecast
Sources: IMF, World Bank
Date last reviewed: December 21, 2018

4. External Trade

4.1 Merchandise Trade

Graph: Pakistan merchandise trade
Graph: Pakistan merchandise trade

Source: WTO
Date last reviewed: December 7, 2018

Graph: Pakistan major export commodities (2017)
Graph: Pakistan major export commodities (2017)
Graph: Pakistan major export markets (2017)
Graph: Pakistan major export markets (2017)
Graph: Pakistan major import commodities (2017)
Graph: Pakistan major import commodities (2017)
Graph: Pakistan major import markets (2017)
Graph: Pakistan major import markets (2017)

Sources: Trade Map, Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: December 10, 2018

4.2 Trade in Services

Graph: Pakistan trade in services
Graph: Pakistan trade in services

Source: WTO
Date last reviewed: December 10, 2018

5. Trade Policies

  • Pakistan became a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in January 1995.

  • 'Commercial importers', earlier subject to tax on a presumptive basis, have now been made subject to tax under the normal tax regime, with tax at 5% of the import value considered to be a minimum tax on related transactions.

  • The exemption on income from the export of computer software, information technology (IT) services, or IT-enabled services, has been extended to tax year 2025.

  • Customs and certain other duties are collected at the import stage at varying rates classified under the Harmonized System (HS) Code. Pakistan's Customs department has several reform agendas, including the Transit Trade Management System (ITTMS) programme, which is the flagship trade facilitation programme of Pakistan Customs. ITTMS is designed to improve the quality of trade facilitation for Pakistan's regional trade. It is supporting physical infrastructure development at three land-border crossing points – Wahga Border with India in Lahore, and Torkham and Chaman with Afghanistan.

  • Pakistan's current Web-Based One Customs system is now among the largest IT systems in the government sector and further streamlining and digitisation will boost the country's trade profile. The move from paper-based customs management systems to web-based paperless customs solutions which are accessible on-the-go is a boon for businesses operating in the country. This paradigm shift has been supported by the World Customs Organisation (WCO).

  • Pakistan Customs is developing a paperless environment to digitise all cross-border trade documents and digitally connect the relevant authorities, while the system is expected to be launched in the next four years at a cost of USD40.0-50.0 million. The customs department is taking a number of initiatives to remove the trade hurdles in Pakistan, with the flagship initiative being the National Single Window (NSW) system, that is due to be active by 2022. Pakistan's NSW will provide a single ICT platform to fulfil all regulatory requirements in relation to imports, exports and transit trade. The key upgrades are focused on improving trade logistics and regional integration as well as streamlining customs clearance procedures to increase trade flows and improving performance on the 'Trading across Borders' indicator of the 'Ease of Doing Business' reforms. This will boost the country's ease of trading and help to equip the country to handle China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) trade in the medium-to-long term. 

  • Pakistan's average tariff rate is relatively high at an estimated 8.9% in 2017. There are various regulatory duties in place to protect local industries, particularly in textiles, agriculture, oil and gas, steel-making as well as autos industries ranging from 10-30% on certain finished products.

  • In December 2015, Pakistan increased the regulatory duty on the import of old and used vehicles from 50% to 60%.

  • In March 2016, the Ministry for Industries and Production released Pakistan's Automotive Development Policy (ADP) 2016-2021, which outlines various import duties for the Autos sector. Import duty on sub-components increased from 5% to 10%. Import duty on non-localised completely knocked-down kits reduced from 32.5% to 30% and on localised kits from 50% to 45%. Import duty on completely built units ranges from 40-75%. These are targeted to improve local production.

  • An additional 1% duty has been imposed on all imported products, except certain exempted items, such as all non-dutiable imports, imports of agricultural machinery, essential raw materials and agriculture inputs, components for local industry in 25 sectors, such as leather, pesticides, sugar, fans and electric motors; on imports of fertilisers, seeds and spores of sowing; the telecoms sector; on imports under Small and Medium Enterprises and Export Oriented Unit rules under the temporary importation scheme; on imports of old and used vehicles.

  • In December 2017, Pakistan's Ministry of Finance, Economic Affairs and Revenue imposed a regulatory duty of PKR4,699/metric tonne (equivalent USD44.59) on imports of Liquefied Petroleum Gas. This will raise production costs for energy-intensive firms in the country.

  • Steel imports are heavily regulated and the country also faces risks from increasing global trade protectionism, which could spur further tariff measures in the near term.

  • There are various export duties (around 25%) surrounding scrap metal, some steel products and aluminium waste.

  • There are various anti-dumping duties and import restrictions applied on manufactured goods (particularly those that can be supplied locally) and on items such as tiles, galvanised coils and other metal items, textile inputs and chemical products.

  • In January 2017, the government of Pakistan announced an export package to support the textile industry worth PKR180.0 billion. The policy measures announced include the removal of sales tax on imported textile machinery and the removal of customs duty and sales tax on cotton imports.

Sources: WTO – Trade Policy Review, Fitch Solutions, PwC

6. Trade Agreement

6.1 Trade Updates

In September 2018, Pakistan and Turkey sought to revive negotiations on a free trade agreement (FTA).

6.2 Multinational Trade Agreements


  • Pakistan-China FTA: This major FTA was concluded in 2006 and entered into effect in July 2007. Trade volumes due to an agreement between the two states was USD13.0 billion in 2013, and reached USD20.0 billion by 2017, when both countries signed 51 agreements and Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) for cooperation in different fields. The agreement has to be implemented in two stages. It was agreed that by the end of phase 2 (phase 1 was completed in 2012), the two sides would liberalise 90% of tariff lines and the trade value. In 2018, China had already agreed to immediately eliminate tariffs on 57 priority export items to Pakistan, which cover 67% of current exports to China and 32% of global exports. Firms will benefit from the development of the CPEC that will increase foreign direct investment and improve logistical infrastructure.

  • Pakistan-United States: The Pakistan-United States Economic Partnership will boost bilateral trade and investments and help to sustain economic reforms in the country. Firms will benefit from increased bilateral trade between the United States and Pakistan, which, in 2016, was more than USD5.4 billion – out of which exports from Pakistan were about USD3.4 billion, while imports from the United States are about USD2.0 billion.

  • Economic Cooperation Organisation Trade Agreement (ECOTA): This agreement includes Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkey. This agreement opens up trade between key regional peers and increases industrialisation in the country contingent on greater development of logistical infrastructure and special economic zones. Greater opportunities are now available to firms with the lifting of sanctions on Iran.

  • Mauritius-Pakistan: the Partial Scope Agreement (PSA) came into force in November 2007.

  • Pakistan-Malaysia: the FTA and Economic Integration Agreement which includes goods and services, came into force in January 2008.

  • Pakistan-Sri Lanka: the FTA came into force in June 2005.

  • South Asian FTA (SAFTA): The FTA includes Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The agreement came into force in January 2006.

  • South Asian Preferential Trade Agreement (SAPTA): the PSA came into force in December 1995 and includes Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Under Negotiation

  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN): The 10 member states of ASEAN are Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Joining this group (in any capacity) will extend the market access of firms in Pakistan and bolster regional trade. Pakistan has signed only one preferential trade agreement with Indonesia in February 2012, which became operational in September 2013.

  • The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC): Firms would benefit from easier access to GCC markets and greater trade facilitation in light of the country's need for fuel and energy products. Greater investment from GCC states would improve the telecommunications, real estate, energy, infrastructure, ports, aviation, and manufacturing and financial services sectors with increased growth of Islamic banking services. The proximity of Pakistan to the Gulf States will be highly beneficial to firms with greater trade facilitation and the advent of the CPEC. Pakistan's government aims to increase its trade volume with the bloc, and has proposed that the GCC consider relaxation in terms of payment for crude oil purchased by Pakistan.

  • Pakistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan Trilateral Transit Trade Agreement (PATTTTA): This agreement will liberalise trade between the three states and allow businesses in Pakistan access to Central Asia, which will mitigate supply chain risks and stimulate investments. Trade between Afghanistan and Pakistan remains very low due to regional security concerns; however, defence cooperation will help increase regional trade in the medium term.

Source: WTO Regional Trade Agreements database

7. Investment Policy

7.1 Foreign Direct Investment

Graph: Pakistan FDI stock
Graph: Pakistan FDI stock
Graph: Pakistan FDI flow
Graph: Pakistan FDI flow

Source: UNCTAD
Date last reviewed: December 6, 2018

7.2 Foreign Direct Investment Policy

  1. Pakistan is moving towards becoming more open for foreign investment and spearheading the development of special economic zones; however, FDI flows to the country have been negatively affected by the weak security situation and policy uncertainty. The country remains a difficult environment for foreign investors with chronic energy shortages, high levels of bureaucracy and corruption deterring investors.

  2. Pakistan has executed the CPEC, an agreement with China in 2013 that will bring in investments of almost USD50.0 billion for construction of 3,000km of roads joining Kashgar, China with Gwadar Port in Pakistan, development of 1,200km of new rail lines, upgrade of 3,100km of rail lines, development of 21 new power generation projects, development of 40 industrial parks and economic zones, laying of gas pipelines, and many more development projects. Most of the work is in progress. The 5.5m-deep sea port, on completion, will have 120 berths, and 300-400 tonnes of cargo is expected to be processed annually. According to the government, this will add 15% to the gross domestic product (GDP) of the country, generating five million jobs and impacting the lives of 30 million people.

  3. Profits and gains derived from an electric power generation project set up in Pakistan are exempt from tax.

  4. Profits and gains derived by refineries that are set up between July 1, 2018 and June 30, 2023 have been granted exemption from tax for a period of 20 years, upon fulfilment of certain conditions.

  5. Low-cost housing projects have been incentivised by allowing a reduction in tax liability (arising on profits and gains) of 50%, subject to the fulfilment of certain conditions.

  6. Profits and gains from new manufacturing units set up in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan are exempt from tax for five years if set up between July 1, 2015 and June 30, 2018.

  7. Profits and gains from electricity transmission projects are exempt from tax for 10 years if set up between July 1, 2015 and June 30, 2018.

  8. Income derived by an enterprise set up in a special economic zone is exempt from tax for a period of 10 years, starting from commencement of commercial operations/production, subject to certain conditions. These special economic zones have been established in different territories of the country.

  9. Special rules are applicable for the computation of income from the exploration and production of petroleum and mineral deposits, and from insurance and banking business.

  10. Profits and gains derived by liquefied natural gas terminal operators and terminal owners are exempt from tax for a period of five years beginning from the date of commercial production.

  11. Pakistan has executed agreements for avoidance of double taxation with 65 countries.

  12. Pakistan's Economic Coordination Committee approved the new ADP in March 2016. The new policy is aimed at developing and incentivising new international investment in the manufacturing industry by favouring greenfield investment over the expansion of existing facilities. This move by the government will continue to attract interest from international brands, which will increase competition within the local automotive industry.

  13. Foreign ownership is permitted with the exception of some sectors designated as strategic, including defence-related industries, media, forestry and farmland. Foreign banks are permitted to establish locally incorporated subsidiaries, provided they have the minimum global tier-one paid up capital of USD5.0 billion or they belong to one of the regional organisations or associations to which Pakistan is a member. Absent these requirements, foreign banks are limited to a maximum 49% equity stake in locally incorporated subsidiaries. Foreign and local banks must submit an annual branch expansion plan to the State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) for approval. The SBP approves branch openings depending on the bank's net worth, adequacy of capital structure, future earnings prospects, credit discipline, and the need of the local population. All banks are required to open 20% of their new branches in small cities, towns and villages, which considerably raises operating costs. International transport (mainly air) is restricted to local firms, and foreign ownership in media is capped at 49%.

  14. Large state-owned entities (SOEs) have retained a monopoly in a few key sectors, and the state provides annual subsidies to cover SOEs' losses. Three of the country's largest SOEs include Pakistan Railways, Pakistan International Airlines and Pakistan Steel Mills. Moves towards privatisation have been pedantic.

Sources: US Department of Commerce, Fitch Solutions, PwC

7.3 Free Trade Zones and Investment Incentives

Free Trade Zone/Incentive ProgrammeMain Incentives Available
Karachi Export Processing Zone (EPZ), Risalpur EPZ, Sialkot EPZ, Gujranwala EPZ, Saindak EPZ, Duddar EPZ, Tuwairqi EPZ, Gwadar EPZDeveloped land on competitive rates for 30 years.

Single-window operation with simplified procedures, including the facilitated issuance of import permits and export authorisations.

Duty-free import of machinery, equipment and materials (including components, spare parts, and packing material).

Freedom from national import regulations. Exchange control regulations of Pakistan not applicable.

Repatriation of capital and profits – the Zone is exempted from all provisions of the Foreign Exchange Regulations Act. No sales tax on input goods, including utilities bills. Duty-free vehicles allowed under certain conditions. Domestic market available to the extent of 20% of goods manufactured. Exceptions may be available.

Presumptive tax at 1%. Only EPZA is authorised to collect Presumptive Tax at the time of export of goods which will be final tax liability.

Obsolete or old machinery can be sold in domestic market of Pakistan after payment of applicable duties & taxes. Defective goods/waste can be sold in domestic market after payment of applicable duties, maximum up to 3% of total value.

EPZ units are allowed to supply goods to custom manufacturing bonds and indefinite loss carryforward is applicable.
Khairpur Special Economic Zone (SEZ) in KarachiThe normal incentives for exports as available to projects established anywhere in the country would be applicable to exports from the projects located inside the zone.

State-of-the-art infrastructure and efficient design (much is still under construction).

Easy access to labour, training facilities and quality logistic services.

The zone will provide inherent benefits of essential supporting amenities to small, medium, and large enterprises to grow in a global market place. Zone enterprises have exemption from custom duties on imports of capital goods; income tax amnesty for 10 years to encourage investment in the SEZ in the Pakistan's capital.

Investment opportunities with 100% ownership.

Sources: US Department of Commerce, national sources, Fitch Solutions

8. Taxation – 2018


9. Foreign Worker Requirements

9.1 Localisation Requirements

Pakistan does not mandate specific performance requirements for foreign entities operating in the country. There is no requirement to hire domestic workers at any grade or have local representation on the company's board of directors. Technical and managerial personnel working in sectors that are open to foreign investments are not required to obtain special work permits. Work visas for technical and managerial personnel are granted for one year and can be extended on a yearly basis.

9.2 Visa/Travel Restrictions

A work visa is required unless a visa abolition agreement exists between Pakistan and the employee's country, subject to the approval of the Board of Investment Pakistan. The process of obtaining a visa and work permits for foreigners in Pakistan is lengthy, taking on average of two months, and is bureaucratically complex. Bureaucratic steps include providing proof of departure, residency status, a copy of the applicant's driving license, and the completion of a Global Service Order Form. Working visas are also expensive, though the cost varies depending on whether it is a single or double entry (up to around USD295) visa or a multiple entry visa for one (USD565), two (USD565) or five years (an estimated USD1,250). However, 37 countries worldwide do not require a working visa in Pakistan, including China, Uganda, South Africa and Iran. No visa exemptions apply to European countries or major Western economies. Pakistan also issues fast-track business visas with five years' validity, to businessmen of 69 countries on the business visa list.

9.3 Language/Cultural Barriers

Though foreign language skills, especially in English, are becoming more widespread, foreign workers based in more rural areas, will face language and cultural barriers.

9.4 Security Considerations

Weak infrastructure and high risk of violence and instability will dent recruitment prospects in the near term. Foreign workers will likely demand high hardship- and danger pay in order to take on the risk of working in the country. Security costs will remain elevated and businesses must employ private security companies to protect their personnel.

Sources: Government sources, Fitch Solutions

10. Risks

10.1 Sovereign Credit Ratings

Rating (Outlook)Rating Date
B3 (Negative)20/06/2018
Standard & Poor'sB (Stable)31/10/2016
Fitch Ratings B (Negative)

Sources: Moody's, Standard & Poor's, Fitch Ratings

10.2 Competitiveness and Efficiency Indicators

World Ranking
Ease of Doing Business Index
Ease of Paying Taxes Index
Logistics Performance Index
Corruption Perception Index
IMD World CompetitivenessN/AN/AN/A

Sources: World Bank, IMD, Transparency International

10.3 Fitch Solutions Risk Indices

World Ranking
Economic Risk Index Rank95/202
Short-Term Economic Risk Score55.853.147.5
Long-Term Economic Risk Score54.652.352.4
Political Risk Index Rank147/202
Short-Term Political Risk Score50.848.348.3
Long-Term Political Risk Score53.753.353.3
Operational Risk Index Rank165/201
Operational Risk Score35.43534.5

Source: Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: December 10, 2018

10.4 Fitch Solutions Risk Summary

Textiles account for most of Pakistan's export earnings, however gaps in logistics infrastructure hamstring expansion in heavy industries and other energy-intensive sectors, such that the country is considerably exposed to shifts in global demand. However, Generalised System of Preferences (GPS) Plus status granted by the European Union (EU) improved the situation and supports the country’s trade openness. The country’s main long-term challenges include reducing the fiscal and current account deficits, expanding investment, enhancing electricity production, reducing dependence on foreign donors, and improving governance through an improved political system. Numerous structural weaknesses, including the recurring high fiscal deficits, low GDP per capita, lacklustre investment expenditure, heavy reliance on commodity imports, security risks, and financial sector volatility will weigh down the country's growth prospects in the near term.

Legal risks and regional security challenges will continue to impede development and social stability in the medium term. The country's logistics infrastructure is underdeveloped and over-stretched, such that there are frequent interruptions to supply chains as a result of acute energy and water shortages. Looking ahead, the medium- to long-term growth of the country will benefit from the implementation of the CPEC, which will provide much-needed stimulus to the economy and improve infrastructure capacity in the long run, contingent on significant progress being made in terms of economic reforms and improving the current security landscape.

Source: Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: December 10, 2018

10.5 Fitch Solutions Political and Economic Risk Indices

Graph: Pakistan short term political risk index
Graph: Pakistan short term political risk index
Graph: Pakistan long term political risk index
Graph: Pakistan long term political risk index
Graph: Pakistan short term economic risk index
Graph: Pakistan short term economic risk index
Graph: Pakistan long term economic risk index
Graph: Pakistan long term economic risk index

100 = Lowest risk, 0 = Highest risk
Source: Fitch Solutions Political and Economic Risk Indices
Date last reviewed: December 10, 2018

10.6 Fitch Solutions Operational Risk Index

Operational RiskLabour Market RiskTrade and Investment RiskLogistics RiskCrime and Security Risk
Pakistan Score34.536.936.843.121.4
South Asia Average41.643.738.943.440.5
South Asia Position (out of 8)78547
Asia Average48.750.647.746.350.1
Asia Position (out of 35)3033241634
Global Average49.649.749.949.149.8
Global Position (out of 201)165174151116182

100 = Lowest risk, 0 = Highest risk
Source: Fitch Solutions Operational Risk Index

Graph: Pakistan vs global and regional averages
Graph: Pakistan vs global and regional averages
Operational Risk Index
Labour Market Risk Index
Trade and Investment Risk IndexLogistics Risk IndexCrime and Security Risk Index
Sri Lanka49.545.046.358.248.4
Regional Averages41.643.738.943.440.5
Emerging Markets Averages46.848.047.545.746.0
Global Markets Averages49.649.749.949.149.8

100 = Lowest risk, 0 = Highest risk
Source: Fitch Solutions Operational Risk Index
Date last reviewed: December 7, 2018

11. Hong Kong Connection

11.1 Hong Kong’s Trade with Pakistan

Graph: Major export commodities to Pakistan (2017)
Graph: Major export commodities to Pakistan (2017)
Graph: Major import commodities from Pakistan (2017)
Graph: Major import commodities from Pakistan (2017)

Note: Graph shows the main Hong Kong export to/import from Pakistan (by consignment)

Graph: Merchandise exports to Pakistan
Graph: Merchandise exports to Pakistan
Graph: Merchandise imports from Pakistan
Graph: Merchandise imports from Pakistan

Note: Note: Graph shows Hong Kong exports to/imports from Pakistan (by consignment)
Exchange Rate HK$/US$, average
7.76 (2013)
7.75 (2014)
7.75 (2015)
7.76 (2016)
7.79 (2017)
Sources: Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department, Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: December 10, 2018

2017Growth rate (%)
Number of Pakistani residents visiting Hong Kong5,917-13.3
Number of Pakistanis residing in Hong Kong7,672N/A

Sources: Hong Kong Tourism Board, UN, Fitch Solutions

2017Growth rate (%)
Number of Asia Pacific residents visiting Hong Kong54,482,5383.5
Number of South Asians residing in Hong Kong36,6801.6

Sources: Hong Kong Tourism Board, UN, Fitch Solutions
Date last reviewed: December 7, 2018

11.2 Commercial Presence in Hong Kong

Growth rate (%)
Number of Pakistani companies in Hong KongN/AN/A
- Regional headquarters
- Regional offices
- Local offices

Source: Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department

11.3 Treaties and Agreements between Hong Kong and Pakistan

Hong Kong and Pakistan have a Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement which came into force on November 24, 2017.

Source: Hong Kong Government Inland Revenue Department

11.4 Chamber of Commerce (or Related Organisations) in Hong Kong

Consulate General of Pakistan in Hong Kong
Address: Room 803-4, 8/F, Tung Wai Commercial Building, 109-111 Gloucester Road, Wan Chai, Hong Kong
Email: consulate@pakistan.hk
Tel: (852) 2827 0681, 2827 0295
Fax: (852) 2827 6786

Source: Protocol Division Government Secretariat

11.5 Visa Requirements for Hong Kong Residents

Hong Kong residents require a visa to visit Pakistan. The cost for Hong Kong residents to acquire a visa stands at HKD190.

Source: Consulate General of Pakistan in Hong Kong
Date last reviewed: December 10, 2018

Content provided by Picture: Fitch Solutions – BMI Research
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