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China Tightens Yangtze River Anti-Pollution Regime

A number of measures have been introduced as part of an ongoing bid to improve agricultural and non-pointsource pollution in the rural areas surrounding the Yangtze River Economic Belt. These include increasing chemical fertiliser usage to more than 40% and soil testing to more than 90%, with animal manure usage to reach more than 75%. At the same time, the installation of manure treatment equipment at all livestock farms is to be ensured, while more than 90% of rural domestic garbage dumping will be treated and sanitary latrines will be operational in 85% of all relevant sites.

The changes were announced in a document jointly issued by the National Development and Reform Commission and four other ministries, entitled Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Promotion of Agricultural Non-Point-Source Pollution Control in the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Its remit extends across the effective control of agricultural and rural non-point-source pollution, optimising livestock industry layout and increasing animal waste utilisation by 2020.

Among the specific measures to be proposed are the following:

Farmland Pollution Control

Steps should be taken to improve agricultural resource efficiency and increase waste recycling and utilisation, including raising the chemical fertiliser utilisation rate to more than 40% and increasing soil testing and formulated fertilisation technology coverage to more than 90%.

Livestock Pollution Control

By the end of 2019, steps should be taken to raise the utilisation of livestock manure to more than 75% and raise the rate of manure treatment equipment installation in livestock farms above a designated size to more than 95% (100% in the case of the largest farms).

Rural Living Environmental Control

Treatment of domestic garbage should be extended to around 90% of all villages by ensuring due control of all non-standard garbage disposal grounds. Rural sanitary latrines coverage should reach 85% in areas that already have a good underpinning in terms of the required infrastructure. 

For further details (in Chinese), please access the following link:

Circular on Issuance of Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Promotion of Agricultural Non-Point-Source Pollution Control in the Yangtze River Economic Belt (Fa Gai Nong Jing No. 1542 [2018])

Content provided by Picture: HKTDC Research
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