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An Analysis of the Changing Asian Order and China’s Influence

By Institute of World Economics and Politics Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

This paper attempts to establish a theoretical framework on the relationship between national power and influence to response to the current debate on evaluating China’s national influence. This framework includes three aspects in assessing nation’s influence, that is the strategic resources and measures from influencer; state power of influencer; and the national interests of influence. At the same time, this paper holds that range; weight and dominance can decide state power. Based on this theoretical argument, it uses the data from Asian Barometer to analyze the relation between B&R strategic aim on a new Asian order and Asian countries’ response. First, it argues China’s range and weight is higher than its dominance in Asia; while its economic and diplomatic influence performs better than political, cultural and military influence in this region. Second, its strategic measure of prestige, induce is more effective than defense and coercion; its influence works better on shared culture countries and relatively developed economy. In the short time, China’s strategic aim relies on Asian countries’ response; while in the long run, it will decide by to what extent China could overcome its flaws on influence comparing to US.

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